“Strengthening the Civilian Oversight of Internal Security Forces Project Phase III”, with its first Phase carried out between 2008-2010 and the second phase between 2012-2014 funded by the European Union, is being implemented by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). The Project mainly aims at a double-sided and qualified security governance model that takes into account the needs, demands and expectations of the vulnerable and disadvantaged segments of the society and provides not only security but also “trust”. In this respect, the overall objective of the Project is to ensure the strengthening of civil and democratic oversight of the internal security forces based on the principles of good governance, human-oriented security and social security.
The Project, which aims at ensuring transparent, participatory and citizen-oriented public security, has a budget of 5,400.00,00 Euros and will last for 24 months. The main beneficiary of the Project is the Ministry of Interior General Directorate of Provincial Administration and the co-beneficiary is the Grand National Assembly of Turkey.
The target groups of the activities of the Project are the Ministry of Interior, Governorates, District Governorates, Turkish National Police, the Coast Guard, the Gendarmerie, and the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. However, the main beneficiaries of the main outputs and achievements of the Project are the people of Turkish Republic, Turkish National Police, the Coast Guard Command and the Gendarmerie General Command as well as local authorities and relevant civil society organisations.
Phase III of the Project consists of four components:
Under Component A, the basic laws on police and gendarmerie will be reviewed and the curriculum of the Gendarmerie and the Coast Guard Academy will be improved in line with the principles of civil / democratic oversight and accountability principles provided by the EU as well as with international standards and best practices. In addition, under this component, the performance evaluation system of the Ministry of Interior will be strengthened and the necessary background work will be carried out for the establishment of a National Crime Prevention Office. A National Strategy on Crime Prevention and Security Plans at national level as well as a five-year organizational strategy will be developed for the oversight of internal security forces in Turkey.
Phase III of the Project will support the Grand National Assembly of Turkey (GNAT) in order to redefine the specific oversight mechanisms of the internal security forces. Phase II of the Project analysed different means of parliamentary oversight of internal security forces. However, there is now a need to review the requirements arising from the changes brought on by the adoption of the “Presidential System of Government” in 2019. Thus, under this Component, a strategy will be developed for the GNAT for effective oversight of internal security forces and strategic outlook on crime prevention and security plans.
Under Component C, the Local Prevention and Security Boards (LPSB) established in 9 pilots during Phases I and II of the Project, will be scaled up and institutionalized. In this context, 10 new Boards will be established during the Phase III and a total of 19 Local Boards will be activated along with those already established in the previous Phases. The Boards, serving as structures specifically designed for Turkey to muster expectations and contributions of the civil society on crime prevention, strengthen institutional coordination and increase resource efficiency, will develop and implement a 3-year strategic plan in order to prevent local crimes and misdemeanours.
Component D aims to increase the awareness of the civil authorities (district governors and governors/deputy governors) and citizens about the concept of citizen-centric security services and civil and democratic oversight of the implementation of LPSBs in Turkey. Based on the results of the previous phases of the Project, large-scale capacity building programs will be implemented to enhance the capacities of governors, deputy governors and district governors in order to deepen their knowledge and understanding of the vision of civil and democratic oversight of the LPSB’s and citizen-oriented security services.
Eyüp Fatih Kadıköy Üsküdar Beşiktaş
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